The U. S.
Department of Commerce’s Patent Office
offers these suggestions for inventors:
CERTAIN IT’S PRACTICAL
believe they can profit from their inventions
merely by patenting them. This is a mistake. No
one can profit from a patent unless it covers
some feature which provides an improvement for
which people are willing to pay. You should
therefore try to make sure that your invention
will provide this kind of advantage before you
spend money in trying to patent it.
RECORDS AND DILIGENCE
It may become
important for you later to be able to prove the
date when you first conceived the idea of your
Invention. If you made a written description or
drawing or built and tested it, you may also need
to prove these facts and dates.
SEARCH ROOM AND SEARCHES
Library of the Patent Office contains over
120,000 volumes of scientific and technical books
in various languages, about 81,000 bound volumes
of periodicals devoted to science and technology,
the official journals of foreign patent offices,
and over 7,500,000 copies of foreign patents in
bound volumes. In many cases there are two sets
of foreign patents, one set arranged in numerical
order and one set classified according to the
classification of the country of origin of the
room’s maintained for the benefit of the
public in searching and examining the United
States patents granted since 1836 arranged
according to the Patent Office classification. By
searching in these classified patents, it is
possible to determine, before actually filing an
application, whether an invention has been
anticipated by a United States patent, and it is
possible to obtain the information contained in
the patents relating to any field of endeavor. In
the Patent Office, patents are classified into
310 classes and over 64,000 subclasses.
PATENTS are granted for inventions or
discoveries of any new and useful process,
machine, manufacture, or composition of matter,
or any new and useful improvement thereof.
PATENTS are granted for the
invention of a new, original and ornamental
design for an article of manufacture. In this
case, the appearance of the article is protected.
(This is very seldom suggested).
PATENTS are granted for the invention or
discovery and asexual reproduction of any
distinct and new variety of plant other than a
tuber- propagated plant, or for a plant found in
an uncultivated state.
terms "PATENT PENDING"
and "PATENT APPLIED FOR"
are used by manufacturers or sellers of an
article to inform the public that bonafide
application for a patent on that article is
presently on file at the United States Patent
& Trademark Office. The law imposes a strict
fine on those who use this, or any other
intellectual property term, falsely.
or SERVICE MARK is granted
nationally to manufacturers and merchants for
company and product names, slogans, words,
symbols, logos, or the combination of feature for
a period of time. Trademark and service Marks may
be renewed upon their expiration.
are forms of legal protection issued by the
United States Library of Congress for specified
time periods in various categories of published
and nonpublished original works of authorship
which includes: literary, dramatic, musical,
visual arts, computer software and certain other
it is desirable to attain the best legal
protection in the broadest allowable terms, the
Patent Search should be viewed as another
research tool along with the technical and
marketing considerations of the new product idea.
Upon a final examination of all pertinent
information, a Registered Patent Attorney or
Patent Agent will be retained to draft, file and
prosecute the proper legal protection for the
Questions Patent Information
job is to help thinkers become doers..." Ron
Brown, President Patent
I started Patent
Search International because I saw that inventors
had two needs that weren’t being provided:
first, they needed to save money; and second,
they had a right to a reliable assessment of
their invention without being ripped-off.
inventor really has to have a patent search done,
otherwise you risk losing a lot of money. But a
lot of inventors don’t know that they
don’t have to pay as much to get the job
done right. That’s the whole aim of Patent
of the reasons for doing a search is that
it’s going to cost the inventor money to
file the patent application itself. Now, you
can’t get that application fee back after
it’s paid, even if it turns out that your
idea can’t be patented. One of the big ways
we save money for the inventor is by saving that
application expense if it’s unnecessary.
When we do our research, we know right away
whether or not the inventor should go ahead and
apply for the patent.
big money-saver in using Patent Search
International is that the inventor avoids the
middleman. I know of attorneys who charge a
minimum of a thousand dollars just for a simple
search— and the bad part about it is, they
don’t do the search. Some guy in Cleveland
or Los Angeles is not going to come all the way
back to Washington just to do a search for a
thousand bucks. What they do is they get their
check and they turn around and write me a check;
I do the search and mail it back to them—
the guy’s made $800 to mail me a letter.
Well, that’s $800 the inventor never needed
also worked with the states attorneys offices to
put crooked ‘invention developers’ out
of business. The inventor has a right to an
honest, affordable search without getting taken
for thousands of dollars for phony ‘product
development.’ If a client wants our help
with marketing a patentable idea, we’ll work
with him— but if we don’t sell it, the
client doesn’t pay a dime. If we do sell it,
we just take a straight percentage commission.
have a good turn-around time,
roughly seven to ten days. That
compares with some companies who take months to
do a simple search.
really fill a void. The inventor wants a patent
search done with fairness and common sense.
You’d hope those wouldn’t be so hard to
come by, but that’s why we’re
Common Questions About
Patent Search International
me about Patent Search International
PSI is one
of the largest independent patent search
organizations in the United States. It was
founded in 1974 by Mr. Ronald Brown. Prior to
1985, most of PSI’s work was done for
attorneys and businesses.
the chief executive officer of PSI, has worked
hand-in-hand with states attorneys offices
throughout the country to shut down unethical
inventor Rip-Off companies. Through this he saw a
need to provide honest, inexpensive help to the
inventor. Therefore, PSI is now offering its
services to the general public.
do I know PSI wont tell somebody else about my
reveal your invention to PSI, you are provided
with a signed Statement of Confidentiality and
Non- use. This is a legally binding agreement
which prevents PSI from revealing your invention
to anybody without your permission. In addition,
every employee of PSI has signed a state of
confidentiality and non-use with regard to any
material they come in contact with in the course
of their work with PSI.
much will PSI's Service cost me.
PSI's fee is $250.00 per search which includes both US and foreign patents, and a legal opinion of patentability
is a patent search Necessary?
search is the first step in obtaining a patent.
The patent attorney bases his patentability
opinion on the patent search. If someone else has
patented an invention that is similar to yours
or, as the patent examiners say, anticipates your
invention, then you are not entitled to patent
protection. A patent search reveals whether or
not such prior anticipation exists and allows the
patent attorney to reach an informed conclusion.
is the reason for the patentability opinion from
an independent registered patent attorney?
attorney examines the results of the search
conducted by PSI and tells you his opinion on
whether or not you are likely to get patent
protection. He specializes in patent law and his
independent status assures an unbiased judgement.
there any costs to me after I pay for the patent
search and patentability opinion if the opinion
indicates that my idea patentable.
if my idea is patentable?
patentability opinion indicates that you may be
entitled to patent protection and you wish to
obtain a patent, you will have to pay the Patent
Office filing fees and the patent attorney’s
fees for filing the application.
is patent protection necessary?
If you get
a patent on your invention, it prevents anybody
or any company from making or selling your
invention for 17 years unless you give someone
permission to do so. This permission is called
licensing. Generally a licensing agreement
provides that you will receive a certain amount
of money for each unit made or sold by the person
you have licensed; this is called royalties.
I obtain a patent, can PSI help me make money
with my invention?
obtain a patent, PSI will make a determination as
to whether or not it can help you. If we think we
can, we will offer our services as your agent in
obtaining licensing agreements. Generally all
out-of-pocket expenses are paid by PSI, and we
charge you a percentage of any royalties you
receive. If you don’t get any royalties, PSI
doesn’t get paid for acting as your agent.
I have more questions, what can I do
questions to Mister Patent@aol.com or Please call
PSI at (410) 987-4511 during normal
business hours. We will be happy to set up a
no-cost, no-obligation appointment for you to
come in and talk with us.
happens if the patent attorney's opinion is that
my idea is not patentable?
have spent a small amount of money to know that
you cannot obtain protection. If you choose to
disclose or manufacture your invention, then
anyone can copy it withot4 financial obligation
Every Inventor Should Have
As long as
an invention is unpatented, even though the
inventor is entitled to a patent, anyone can
make, use or sell it without the inventor’s
permission. Further, there is no provision under
present law for temporary protection of an
don't have to personally go to Washington to
apply for a patent.
patent proceedings, the inventor need only send a
disclosure of his invention in the form of a
model or sketches and descriptions to the Patent
Professional. All correspondence pertaining to an
application for patent can be conducted through
don't have to wait until you obtain your patent
to start selling or producing your invention
commercially. You can act with a notice of
patent applied for or patent pending.
terms "patent applied for" and patent
pending are used to serve notice These terms are
commonly used by inventors and manufacturers to
indicate that a patent is pending in the U. S.
Patent Office and when the patent issues,
infringers may be sued for damages. They have no
actual legal force but serve as an effective
patent does not protect your invention in foreign
countries It protects it only within the
United States and its territories. In order to
obtain protection in foreign countries, a
separate patent application must be filed in each
country in which you wish protection. There are
many details unique to various countries to
consider. The U. S. Patent Office can help you
with information on foreign patents.
in your Invention can also be patented later. If
you make a significant improvement in your
invention after you obtain your patent, you
should file a new patent application provided the
improvement is patentable over the original
invention. You shouldn’t hesitate to make
changes that will improve your invention. Just
inform the Patent Professional as soon as your
improvements are perfected so an additional
patent can be applied for if advisable.
hire others to help perfect your invention
without forfeiting your right to the invention.
And no one can take your patented invention
outside the country, make it there, and then try
to reintroduce it in the U. S.